Common Foot and Ankle Injuries – Downtown Podiatry and Physiotherapy Clinic

Common Foot and Ankle Injuries – Downtown Podiatry and Physiotherapy Clinic


Foot injuries can increase in the winter months due to slippery and wet conditions. In Downtown Toronto, we are lucky that the sidewalks are salted, however there are still instances where we may not see ice and hurt ourselves. Common injuries that happen in winter include ankle sprains, stress fractures and fractures in the foot and ankle. The elderly population are particularly at risk due to reduced balance and reaction times. Here in our Downtown clinic, if you are dealing with pain in the foot, ankle or want to improve your balance, we are here to help. 

Common Injuries:

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains can range in the severity of the condition. People who have once sprained their ankles have stretched out their ligmaments and they stay at that length. Ligaments do not go back to their original length. The only real treatment is to strengthen the foot, ankle and work on balance for when one may encounter uneven terrain, leading them to fall. 

Some ankle sprains are quite severe where there is significant bruising and quite debilitating. In these circumstances it is wise to get an x-ray to ensure there is no break. In some severe sprains, an air-cast may be indicated, due to the amount of pain upon weight bearing. 

Lisfranc’s sprain is another ankle sprain that may require immobilization or in severe cases surgery. That is why it is important to see your doctor or sport medicine doctor to help determine the extent of the injury. 

Common Foot and Ankle Injury Treatments

Ankle sprains will eventually heal, but the process can be expedited with a properly scaled rehabilitation program. This can be carried out by a physiotherapist, chiropractor or chiropodist. Pain can also be managed by taping techniques and treatment. 

Not only is it important to receive treatment for immediate discomfort, but also to restore the ankle strength to baseline or better. It is a known fact that if one does not undergo physiotherapy for an ankle sprain, it can lead to other injuries due to weakness 

Stress Fractures 

What is a stress fracture? It is a crack in the bone, not entirely where the bone is spliced into two segments. 

Stress fractures are injuries to the bone were the repairing process is outweighed by the stresses placed on the bone. People who are prone to this are those who have hyper mobile feet, combined with reduced ankle flexibility. These conditions are more susceptible to those who overpronate. Which means their foot undergoes more collapsing forces than normal. Sometimes sudden increases in activity can also predispose one to this injury. Stress fractures can also arise even from prolonged standing! 

Treatment is quite straightforward, rest and an aircast or crutches until the injury heals.

Returning to daily activities or sport requires strengthening the foot and ankle as well as correcting the underlying condition of faulty mechanics. In some cases orthotics are very beneficial for those recovering from a previous stress fracture. Stress fractures don’t always need to have swelling or bruising to be evident, but it more commonly does have those characteristics. 

Bone Fractures 

What is a fracture? This is where the bone completely breaks into two fragments. 

This is commonly seen in a traumatic injury such as rolling the ankle, hitting the foot off something, falling from a height or impact forces. It is important to note, those who have low calcium levels or low bone density are susceptible to fractures of minimal impact. 

Things that we commonly might think that may not be hard enough to cause a break could cause a significant fracture in elderly people, those with metabolic conditions or osteoporosis. 

Treatment 

At our downtown Toronto clinic, we offer an approach to care that is well rounded to help treat injuries from diagnosis to return to life. We care about your health and are happy to help with any of these unfortunate injuries.

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