Bunion Treatment: The Essential Guide to Understanding How Bunion Surgery Alleviates Discomfort

Bunion Treatment: The Essential Guide to Understanding How Bunion Surgery Alleviates Discomfort



Bunions can be debilitating as it can make footwear challenging to find comfortable and reduce quality of life. We need our feet to do daily tasks and advanced bunion pain can make even walking a difficult task! 

At our clinic we believe in a conservative appraoch to treating bunions such as exercise, physio, cortisone injections, toe spacers, orthotics and footwear modifications. If those measures fail, that is when bunion surgery can be entertained as a solution for relieving pain and restoring mobility.

Bunion surgery aims to alleviate pain by cleaning up the toe joint of arthritis and realigning the bone in the proper position.

 The Anatomy of Bunions: Understanding the Source of Pain

What is Bunion? A bunion is also known as Halluxabductovalgus and that is when the big toe starts to migrate towards your second toe. There is also a bony prominence that is on the joint , usually on the inner side of the toe joint. That prominence can become inflamed when bursae ( a little pad) that sits between the bone and soft tissue becomes chronically rubbed or pressed on. The prominence is also complicated with arthritis which is an unhealthy joint, restricting the range of motion and function of the big toe.  Describing them as bony protrusions that form at the base of the big toe.

How Bunions Form

Bunions can be formed from hereditary components, meaning in your family if your joints are hypermobile or a flat foot, those are the foot types most susceptible to bunions. 

Footwear can be a contributing factor, such as narrow shoes or high heels. Narrow shoes squeeze the toe into the  bunion position and can adapt to that shape over time. High heel have a combination of these factors including a tight toe box as well as a raised heel that causes the foot to slide forward with each step, jamming the toes into the tight toe box. 

Biomechanical Factors including flat feet, tight calves and weak glutes can cause this issue to arise or advance.The main culprit is overpronation and sustained abnormal force on the first ray/ big toe. 


Why Bunions are Painful

 The actual joint becomes unhealthy due to cartilage damage. Cartilage is the protective surface on the ends of bones. With bunions, that protective surface gets worn away with time, causing bone on bone rubbing which causes pain, inflammation and malfunction. 

Our foot functions  best in the proper alignment. Misalignment creases imbalances in the surrounding soft tissue structures as well as abnormal pressure on the toe joint. 

How Bunion Surgery Works: Correcting the Underlying Deformity

The main objective of bunion surgery is to alleviate pain and to help restore function of the deformity.  Bunion surgery realigns the bones of the foot, eliminates the bony prominence, and restores proper joint function.

The various surgical techniques used to correct bunions, such as osteotomy, bunionectomy, and minimally invasive procedures.

Osteotomy  is an operation where the bone is cut with the goal of realigning the toe into the correct position. The bump on the side of the toe is also removed during this procedure. 

Minimally Invasive Procedures: Is bunion correction without as much disruption to the surrounding soft tissue structures. The excess bone is trimmed down with instruments , but the amount of tissue cut is less than that in other bunion procedures. 

Alleviating Pain: The Immediate and Long-Term Benefits of Bunion Surgery
  • Bunion surgery provides relief  by reducing pressure on the soft tissues around the affected area. 
  • Long-term benefits of bunion surgery include improved foot function, reduced risk of arthritis, and enhanced quality of life.
Factors Influencing Bunion Surgery Success

The key factors that contribute to the success of bunion surgery include skill and experience of the surgeon, proper surgical technique, and adherence to post-operative care. Our podiatric Surgeon, Allen Frankle has 40 years of experience in bunion surgery. Skill relates to choosing a surgeon who focuses on the feet as they have an expertise in the area opposed to a general surgeon who does not have a specialization in the foot. 

Empowering Decision-Making: Choosing the Right Treatment Path

For those who are considering bunion surgery, we recommend seeking out a surgical consultation to learn more about their options of treatment, severity and if they are a suitable candidate for bunion surgery.


Bunion surgery is a treatment for those dealing with pain that is not resolved with conservative care. The aim of the surgery is to treat the pain, restore foot function and improve quality of life. 

It is important to seek the right medical professional who focuses on foot surgery, opposed to a general surgeon.   

For those who would like to book a consultation they may do so by clicking the link to book with our Podiatrist, Allen Frankel. https://liveactivesportmed.janeapp.com


Scroll to Top